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Web Development, an Introduction.

Web development in recent times has become a household name, or I would say a common name on every new developer’s lips.

What is Web Development?

Web development is the process of designing and managing websites and web applications. It entails a variety of talents and disciplines, including programming, design, and server administration, to create functioning and visually appealing websites that can be viewed via the internet.

Web development is often divided into two components: Front-end development (also known as Frontend Engineering) and Back-end development (also known as Backend Engineering).

Front-end Development

The entire look and feel of a website and web application is made possible as a result of frontend development. This therefore involves converting product designs and research through code, usually with the use of HTML – HyperText Markup Language, CSS – Cascading Styles Sheet and JS – JavaScript into websites that will be accessible to users on the internet.

Frontend development are done by Frontend developers, sometimes Fullstack developers. The entire website and web application are built using HTML, CSS and JavaScript; also in some cases, developers use frameworks and libraries like Angular JS, React JS, Vue JS or NextJS to build and develop beautiful websites. Someone who decides to go into frontend development in these times will have to learn these programming tools and frameworks in other to be a successful frontend developer.

Back-end Development

This portion focuses on web development on the server side. Back-end developers are in charge of the logic and functionality that runs a website or web application. They handle data storage, retrieval, and processing using server-side programming languages such as Python, PHP, Ruby, or JavaScript (with Node.js). They also connect with databases like MySQL, PostgreSQL, and MongoDB to store and manage data for the website. Back-end developers also work with web servers, APIs (Application Programming Interfaces), and other tools to ensure the website’s proper operation.

More on Web Development

Code editors (e.g., VSCode), version control systems (e.g., Git), task runners (e.g., Gulp or Grunt), package managers (e.g., npm or Yarn), and other technologies are frequently used in web development. Web developers must also grasp web standards, accessibility, responsive design, and optimization strategies in order to create websites that run well across several devices and platforms also known as cross-platform websites.

UI/UX

Web development has over time grown and evolved from what we earlier knew about it, we now have UI/UX which is also a part of web development, it is the research done for a product or brand to understand and gather information on how to go about solving users problems, giving them the best experience when using the product and at the same time, developing a good design interface that will accomplish this.

SEO

SEO known as Search Engine Optimization is a well-known aspect of web development. This involves optimizing a website to make it visible on search engines (e.g., Goolge, Bing) and also get indexed higher on these search engines. SEO is very vital because they help grow the audience and users of a website and/or web application; so, it is also an important aspect of web development. Usually, an SEO manager will be the person who handles the SEO of a website and make sure the website is properly crawled and visible on search engines.

In general, web developers (both frontend and backend developers) are required to master and use a wide range of web technologies, as well as being able to understand and apply these tools in other to give businesses, brands, organizations or individuals that cutting edge they require to build and boost their online presence.

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